Geography & Travel

Planet Earth contains some extraordinarily diverse environments, some of which are easily habitable and some not so much. In different areas of Earth, one might find sweltering deserts, dense tropical rainforests, or bone-chilling tundras. Each biome and habitat comes with its own selection of flora and fauna, and it may include physical features such as canyons, volcanoes, rivers, or caves. Human beings have built homes in many different environments, settling the area and organizing it into units such as cities, states, regions, and countries, each with its own points of interest. Shifting trends in human migration have resulted in a human geography that is profoundly different from that of centuries ago.
Browse Subcategories

Featured content, August 10, 2022

Big Sur. Pacific Ocean. Waves. Beach. Point Sur on the Pacific coastline near Big Sur, California.
What Is Known (and Not Known) About the Bermuda Triangle
People have been trying to solve the “mystery” of the Bermuda Triangle for years. Here’s what we know (and don’t know) about...
Companion / Geography & Travel
Sydney Opera House, Port Jackson, Sydney Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.
Why New York Is Called "The Big Apple" and How 8 Other Famous Cities Got Their Nicknames
What’s so apple-y about New York, anyway?
#WTFact / Geography & Travel
Courtyard of the medieval hospital of Saint-Esprit, now the Hotel Dieu, Beaune, France.
6 Significant Hospitals
Every building has a story.
List / Geography & Travel
Camel caravan moving across the Sahara desert sand dunes, Morocco, North Africa
How Do Deserts Form?
What weather conditions cause deserts to form?
Demystified / Geography & Travel
Mount Sir Donald
mountain
mountain, landform that rises prominently above its surroundings, generally exhibiting steep slopes, a relatively confined...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Lake Ann in North Cascades National Park, Washington
lake
lake, any relatively large body of slowly moving or standing water that occupies an inland basin of appreciable size. Definitions...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Perito Moreno Glacier
glacier
glacier, any large mass of perennial ice that originates on land by the recrystallization of snow or other forms of solid...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Asia
Asia
Asia, the world’s largest and most diverse continent. It occupies the eastern four-fifths of the giant Eurasian landmass....
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel

Geography & Travel Quizzes

Shallow staghorn water corals in fringing reef at low tide in Thailand. (coral reefs; endangered area; ocean habitat; sea habitat; coral reef)
Unknown Waters
Where will you find a polynya? On what body of water did the ancient city of Troy lie? Sort out the facts and discover where...
Quiz / Geography & Travel
Panoramic of vicuna (Vicugna vicugna) grazing near saltpans, Atacama Desert, Chile
South America: Fact or Fiction?
You may know that the Amazon rainforest is located on this continent, but is the world’s driest place also in South America?...
Quiz / Geography & Travel
The national flag of Canada. O Canada, Canadian flag, Canada flag, flag of canada, O' Canada. Blog, Homepage 2010, arts and entertainment, history and society
Exploring Canada: Fact or Fiction?
Is Canada the world’s second-largest country? Is the oak leaf the symbol of Canada? From geography to language, sort fact...
Quiz / Geography & Travel
Yellow Eyed Penguin, New Zealand. (endangered species)
Oceania: Fact or Fiction?
Do many islands in Oceania have coral reefs? Is Oceania found in the North Atlantic Ocean? Sort fact from fiction in this...
Quiz / Geography & Travel
Hawaiian volcanic crater, Hawaii
Hawaii: Fact or Fiction?
You may have heard of the popular television show Hawaii Five-0, but do you know if Hawaii contains over 100 islands?...
Quiz / Geography & Travel
Flag of France
Exploring France: Fact or Fiction?
Was Paris, one of Europe’s most popular tourist destinations, originally built on an island? Where is Devil’s Island? Test...
Quiz / Geography & Travel
Aerial of Bridgetown, Barbados, West Indies (Caribbean island)
Around the Caribbean: Fact or Fiction?
Was Cuba once a colony of France? Is Jamaica the third largest island in the Caribbean Sea? Sort fact from fiction in this...
Quiz / Geography & Travel
Flag of Australia
Australia: Fact or Fiction?
Is Australia larger than the United States? Does it house the world’s largest fence? Scale mountains and travel to distant...
Quiz / Geography & Travel
Cathedral of Brasilia, Brazil, designed by Oscar Niemeyer, built in the shape of a crown of thorns.
Journey to South America: Fact or Fiction?
Is the capital of Brazil known for its architecture? Is Argentina a large country? Sort fact from fiction—and learn about...
Quiz / Geography & Travel
Valle de la Luna (Valley of the Moon) in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile.
Exploring Chile: Fact or Fiction?
Is Chile located on the west coast of South America? Does Chile have the longest seacoast of any country of the world? Test...
Quiz / Geography & Travel
Image Gallery
Geography & Travel
Never Miss a Day in History
Sign up for daily fun facts about this day in history, updates, and special offers delivered right to your inbox.

Geography & Travel Subcategories

Riyadh Cities & Towns
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Ukraine Countries of the World
Although there isn’t universal agreement on the question of what qualifies as a “country,” it is generally accepted that in order to be a country, a state must be a sovereign unit that has a permanent population, defined territorial boundaries, a government, and the ability to enter into agreements with other states. Even when these conditions are met, however, internationally recognized independence is not a given, and a territorial entity that declares itself to be an independent country is not always recognized as such by the rest of the world.
Articles
Roman Forum Historical Places
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument Highways & Trails
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Distribution of North American Plateau Indians Human Geography
Since 1945 human geography has contained five main divisions. The first four—economic, social, cultural, and political—reflect both the main areas of contemporary life and the social science disciplines with which geographers interact (i.e., economics, sociology, anthropology, and political science and international relations, respectively); the fifth is historical geography.
Articles
Some of the pictorial signs used at the 1984 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles, Calif. Languages
Language, a system of conventional spoken, manual, or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves. The functions of language include communication, the expression of identity, play, imaginative expression, and emotional release.
Articles
Mount St. Helens volcano Physical Geography of Land
Earth’s geographic history has been one marked by significant overall change, with ice ages, continental drift, and other major disruptions ultimately shaping Earth's land into the landscape of mountain ranges, deserts, islands, and volcanoes that we see today.
Articles
Arctic Ocean Physical Geography of Water
Whether it's Lake Michigan, the Gulf of Panama, or the River Thames, bodies of water of all shapes and sizes can be found around the globe, and they play a critical role for human beings, who use such bodies of water as a source of drinking water, a means of transporting both goods and people themselves, or a place to engage in water sports, among a plethora of other possible uses. Additionally, many bodies of water provide striking scenes of natural beauty and house important marine ecosystems. Satiate your thirst for knowledge about Earth's oceans, lakes, seas, rivers, waterfalls, bays, and more.
Articles
Hiker in Sequoia National Park in the Sierra Nevada, east-central California. Nature Reserves & National Parks
Nature reserves are areas set aside for the purpose of preserving and protecting plants and animals, particularly endangered species. National parks may effectively serve a similar purpose by shielding threatened species from hunters, but these parks can also be created for the purpose of public recreation, affording its visitors a chance to be immersed in a protected natural environment. Many national parks have been created in the last 100 years, including Yellowstone National Park, the oldest and probably the best-known national park in the United States.
Articles
flag of Queensland States & Other Subdivisions
Every nation has its own subdivisions to demarcate smaller political units within its territory. Counties, districts, oblasts, polis, nomos, unitary authorities, boroughs, and cities are all examples (among many others) of how land can be organized.
Articles
North Africa Geographic Regions
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Big Ben Tourist Attractions
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles