Philosophy & Religion

Humans have long pondered not only how we came to be but also why we came to be. The earliest Greek philosophers focused their attention upon the origin and nature of the physical world; later philosophers have theorized about the nature of knowledge, truth, good and evil, love, friendship, and much more. Philosophy involves a methodical assessment of any and all aspects of human existence and experience. The realms of philosophy and religion have sometimes intersected in conducting such inquiries as these. As with philosophy, the study of religion underscores how humankind has long speculated about its origins. The possibility of a higher being (or beings) to which livings things owe their existence has long captived human thought. Many religions also offer their own views on the nature of good and evil, and they may prescribe guidelines and judgment on different kinds of human behavior.
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Featured content, May 16, 2022

Well-balanced of stones on the top of boulder
What’s the Difference Between Morality and Ethics?
Ethics and morality are often used to mean the same thing. Should they be?
Demystified / Philosophy & Religion
British philosopher and economist Jeremy Bentham's preserved skeleton in his own clothes and surmounted by a wax head, at University College, London, England.
What Is Jeremy Bentham’s “Auto-Icon”?
Bentham became his own icon.
Companion / Philosophy & Religion
Casino. Gambling. Slots. Slot machine. Luck. Rich. Neon. Hit the Jackpot neon sign lights up casino window.
Brain Games: 8 Philosophical Puzzles and Paradoxes
Dust off your thinking cap.
List / Philosophy & Religion
Code of Hammurabi
political philosophy
political philosophy, branch of philosophy that is concerned, at the most abstract level, with the concepts and arguments...
Encyclopedia / Philosophy & Religion

Philosophy & Religion Quizzes

Holy week. Easter. Valladolid. Procession of Nazarenos carry a cross during the Semana Santa (Holy week before Easter) in Valladolid, Spain. Good Friday
History of Christianity Quiz
Who is the patron saint of Scotland? Which movement in Christianity sought to establish clerical celibacy? Test what you...
Quiz / Philosophy & Religion
People lighting traditional earthen lamps during the Hindu festival Diwali in India. flame
All About Diwali Quiz
Billions of people worldwide celebrate Diwali, a multi-day festival that marks the beginning of the Hindu New Year and much...
Quiz / Philosophy & Religion
Ufo, alien, space over trees.
Don’t Drink the Punch Quiz
And by punch, we mean any fruit drink with nefarious intentions. Test your knowledge of all the doomsday prophets and cult...
Quiz / Philosophy & Religion
A child wearing a sheet for a Halloween ghost costume. Holiday Trick-or-treat
Ghosts: Fact or Fiction?
Eek, a ghost! Or is that a ghost bat? Or a word game? Test your knowledge of all kinds of ghosts with this true or false...
Quiz / Philosophy & Religion
Judaism - Hanukkah. Jewish family lighting a candle on a menorah. Also called Festival of Lights or Feast of Lights.
Happy Hanukkah Quiz
How many days is Hanukkah celebrated? How many candles are on the menorah? See how much you know about Hanukkah with this...
Quiz / Philosophy & Religion
Child sitting near Christmas tree at night at home reading
“Oh, Christmas Tree!” Quiz
“Oh, Christmas tree, Oh Christmas tree, how did you come to be?” See how much you know about the origin of the Christmas...
Quiz / Philosophy & Religion
Santa Claus reading the list, Christmas, north pole
Jolly Old St. Nicholas Quiz
You probably know that the legend of Santa Claus evolved from St. Nicholas. But who is this saint, anyway?
Quiz / Philosophy & Religion
Greek Orthodox Epiphany ceremony processes to the River Jordan, celebrating Jesus Christ's baptism in the Jordan River, 1937. Christian church festival celebrated on January 6. The Three Magi, The Three Kings, The Three Wise Men
The Meaning of Epiphany Quiz
When is Epiphany celebrated in the Eastern Orthodox Church? In the West? What does Epiphany celebrate, anyway? Answer these...
Quiz / Philosophy & Religion
Aphrodite. Greek mythology. Sculpture. Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love and beauty.
Ancient Gods and Monsters Quiz 
Who is Quetzalcóatl’s dog-headed companion? Who are the group of maidens who serve the god Odin? Test your knowledge....
Quiz / Philosophy & Religion
Ganesha. Hinduism. Ganesha, the elephant-headed Hindu god of beginnings, figure on external walls of a South Indian Temple in Kerala, India.
Hindu Religion and Myth Quiz
What is the name of the monkey commander of the monkey army mentioned in the Ramayana? Who is the Hindu goddess...
Quiz / Philosophy & Religion
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Philosophy & Religion
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Philosophy & Religion Subcategories

Romulus and Remus suckling their wolf foster mother Ancient Religions & Mythology
What did our ancestors believe in? What myths and stories did they use to explain the world around them and find meaning in it? How have their beliefs influenced modern religion and spirituality? Explore these questions and more while discovering notable traditions, figures, and legends that figured prominently in ancient religion and mythology.
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subcategory placeholder Ethical Issues
What moral precepts guide us through tricky situations that may arise in relation to friendships, family, communities, and the work environment? Right and wrong are not always defined in the same way across different cultures.
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Roger Bacon Humanities
The humanities are those branches of knowledge that concern themselves with human beings and their culture. The humanities include the study of all languages and literatures, the arts, history, and philosophy.
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Voltaire Philosophers
Here you'll find the thinkers and theorists who have expressed their own ideas about such topics as the nature of humankind's relationship with the metaphysical world, the definitions of truth and knowledge, and the conditions of existence. From ancient Greek philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle to later notable philosophers such as René Descartes and Immanuel Kant, philosophy's great thinkers have approached sensitive ethical and existential issues from a variety of different angles. Their ideas have influenced the way we look at our world and the way we relate to one another as human beings.
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Cicero Philosophical Issues
Are you ready to delve into the myriad possible answers to such complex questions as What makes an action virtuous? or What is the nature of consciousness? Do you embrace weighty topics such as the relative merits of empiricism and rationalism? An inquisitive spirit is all but a prerequisite for many of the topics listed here, which deal with the different approaches to and ideas about the big questions of life.
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Abu Darweesh Mosque Religious Beliefs
Our religious beliefs can affect our lifestyle, our perceptions, and our way of relating to fellow human beings. Is there a higher power (or powers) that governs the universe and judges all of us? Does committing a mortal sin mean the death of a soul, or is there a chance for forgiveness? The answers to such questions differ widely across different religions.
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Martin Luther Religious Personages & Scholars
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
St. Bernadette of Lourdes Religious Places
Human beings tend to relate to their religious beliefs through symbolism. Religious and sacred places—common destinations for pilgrims—represent a physical connection that helps believers express their devotion.
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Mahalia Jackson Sacred Art & Music
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Chapter 49 of the Isaiah Scroll Scriptures
Sacred scriptures of all religions, viewed as the word of God or inspired by God, have influenced the moral and ethical standards of countries, peoples, and religious groups. Their interpretation has long been a subject of discussion and, at times, controversy.
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Charles Sprague Pearce: Religion Spirituality
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
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